Nuwara Eliya city is Located, 68 km, away from Kandy. Its name means "city on the plain". The city is the administrative capital of Nuwara Eliya District, with a picturesque landscape and temperate climate. It is at an altitude of 1,868 m. and is considered to be the most important location for tea production in Sri Lanka. The city is overlooked by Pidurutalagala, the tallest mountain in Sri Lanka. Nuwara Eliya is known for its temperate, cool climate — the coolest area in Sri Lanka.
The city was founded by Samuel Baker, the discoverer of Lake Albert and the explorer of the Nile in 1846. Nuwara Eliya's climate lent itself to becoming the prime sanctuary of the British civil servants and planters in Ceylon. Nuwara Eliya, called Little England, was a hill country retreat where the British colonialists could immerse in their pastimes such as fox hunting, deer hunting, elephant hunting, polo, golf and cricket.
Although the town was founded in the 19th century by the British, the district is today visited by native travelers, especially during April, the season of flowers, pony races, go cart races and auto rally.
Many of the buildings retain features from the colonial period such as the Queen's Cottage, General's House, Grand Hotel, Hill Club, St Andrew's Hotel and Town Post Office. New hotels are often built and furnished in the colonial style. Visitors the city can wallow in its nostalgia of bygone days by visiting the landmark buildings. Many private homes maintain their old English-style lawns and gardens.
Due to its highland location, Nuwara Eliya has a subtropical highland climate with a mean annual temperature of 16 °C (61 °F).
In the winter months it is cold at night, and there can be frost. However, it rapidly warms up as the tropical sun climbs higher during the day.
Horton Plains National Park in Ohiya is a protected area in the central highlands of Sri Lanka and is covered by mountain grassland and cloud forest. This plateau at an altitude of 2,100–2,300 meters is rich in biodiversity and many species found here are endemic to the region. This region was designated a national park in 1988. It is also a popular tourist destination and is situated 8 kilometers from Ohiya, 6 kilometres from the world famous Ohiya Gap/Dondra Watch and 32 kilometers from Nuwara Eliya.
Horton Plains, Hakgala Botanical Garden, Lover,s leep, Devon water falls, St.Clare Water Falls and Seetha Amman Hindu Temple.
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